PubMed Nucleotide Protein Genome Structure PopSet Taxonomy OMIM Books
 Search for
  Limits Preview/Index History Clipboard Details    
About Entrez
spacer gif
back to About Entrez
back to About Entrez

Entrez PubMed
Help | FAQ

PubMed Services
Journal Browser
MeSH Browser
Single Citation Matcher
Batch Citation Matcher
Clinical Queries

Related Resources
Order Documents
NLM Gateway
Consumer Health
Clinical Alerts
PubMed Central

Privacy Policy


1: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 1988 May;48(5):318-21 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut

[Observations and problems in the TNM classification of breast cancers]

[Article in German]

Leonhardt A.

Gynakologisch-onkologische Klinik Bad Trissl.

The pretherapeutically and histologically measured size of the tumor was compared in 2511 cases of breast carcinomas. Breast tumors up to 2 cm in size revealed a correspondence in the histologically and clinically measured tumor size in only 13.6%. 240 breast cancer patients having undergone a mastectomy with dissection of the axilla in 1986, were examined as to the number of histologically detected lymph nodes. In most cases nine lymph nodes were removed, this corresponds to 11.7%. An optimal surgical treatment and pathological diagnosis was found in 43.3% of all breast carcinomas with the required amount of 10 nodes, and in 28.3% with 12 lymph nodes. In order to emphasize the prognostic adequacy of the pTNM-classification, it is recommended to note down in brackets after the abbreviation pN0 the number of lymph nodes detected and to indicate for pN1 the relation between axillary nodes afflicted compared to the nodes examined.

PMID: 3396832 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]